Tai Chi – Vetenskapliga referenser

Meta analys: Funktioner och smärta

Leung, L.Y.L,. Tam H.L., Ho, J.K.M. Effectiveness of Tai Chi on older adults: A systematic review of systematic reviews with re-meta-analysis.(2022) Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2022.104796

Innehåll: This overview meta-analytic study, covering 89 original studies,examined and synthesized the effect of Tai Chi on the physical conditions, psychological conditions, cognitive abilities, and quality of life (QoL) of older adults. The results revealed that Tai chi significantly improved most outcomes, including the mobility, pain level, physical function, psychological distress, depressive symptoms, anxiety, global cognitive function, mental speed and attention, learning ability, verbal fluency, executive function, and QoL of older adults.


Huang HW, Nicholson N, Thomas S. Impact of Tai Chi Exercise on Balance Disorders: A Systematic Review. Am J Audiol 2019;28(2):391-404. https://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2018_AJA-18-0115

Moonkyoung Park, Rhayun Song. Effects of Tai Chi on Fall Risk Factors: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Korean Academic Nursing. 2013;43(3):341-35.

Michel Tousignant, Hélène Corriveau, Pierre-Michel Roy, Johanne Desrosiers, Nicole Dubuc, Réjean Hébert, Valérie Tremblay-Boudreault & Audrée-Jeanne Beaudoin.The effect of supervised Tai Chi intervention compared to a physiotherapy program on fall-related clinical outcomes: a randomized clinical trial. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2012;32(3):196-201.

Voukelatos A, Cumming RG, Lord SR, Rissel C. A randomized, controlled trial of tai chi for the prevention of falls: the Central Sydney tai chi trial. Journal of American Geriatric Society 2007; 55 1185–1191.

Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Nicola Fairhall, Jacqueline CT. Close BD, and Stephen R. Lord. Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta-analysis and best practice recommendations. Journal of American Geriatric Society 2008; 56 2234–43.

Jung Hyun Choi, Jung-Soon Moon, Rhayun Song. Effects of Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on physical fitness and fall prevention in fall-prone older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2005;51(2), 150–157.

Barnett A, Smith B, Lord SR, Williams M, Baumand A. Community-based group exercise improves balance and reduces falls in at-risk older people: a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing 2003; 32 407–14. Ge Wu. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Tai Chi for Improving Balance and Preventing Falls in the Older Population—A Review. Journal of American Geriatric Society 2002;50:746–754.

Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Ellison GL et al. The effect of Tai Chi Quan and computerized balance training on postural stability in older subjects. Atlanta FICSIT Group. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies on Intervention Techniques. Physical Therapy 1997;77:371–384.

Wolf SL, Kutner NG, Green RC et al. The Atlanta FICSIT study: Two exer-
cise interventions to reduce frailty in elders. Journal of American Geriatric Society 1993;41:329–332.


Chenchen Wang, Christopher H Schmid, Roger A Fielding, William F Harvey, Kieran F Reid, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Robert Kalish, Ramel Rones, Timothy McAlindon. Effect of tai chi versus aerobic exercise for fibromyalgia: comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial. Brittish Medical Journal 2018;360: k851.

Chenchen Wang, Christopher H. Schmid, Ramel Rones, Robert Kalish, Janeth Yinh, Don L. Goldenberg, Yoojin Lee, and Timothy McAlindon. A Randomized Trial of Tai Chi for Fibromyalgia. New England Journal of Medicine 2010; 363:743-754.

Chenchen Wang Christopher H. Schmid Patricia L. Hibberd Robert Kalish Ronenn Roubenoff Ramel Rones Timothy McAlindon. Tai Chi is effective in treating knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial. 2009;16(11):1545-1553.

Rhayun Song, Eun-Ok Lee, Paul Lam, Sang-Cheol Bae. Effects of a Sun-style Tai Chi Exercise on Arthritic Symptoms, Motivation and the Performance of Health Behaviors in Women with Osteoarthritis. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2007; 37(2): 249-256.

M. S. Lee M. H. Pittler E. Ernst. Tai chi for rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review. Reumatology. 2007; 46(11):1631–1633.

Rhayun Song, Eun-Ok Lee, Paul Lam and Sang-Cheol Bae. Effects of tai chi exercise on pain, balance, muscle strength, and perceived difficulties in physical functioning in older women with osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial. The Journal of Reumatology. 2003; 30(9): 2039-2044;

Song, Rha-Yun, Lee Eun-Ok, Lee In-Ok. Pre-post Comparisons on Physical Symptoms, Balance, Muscle Strength, Physical Functioning, and Depression in Women with Osteoarthritis after 12-week Tai Chi Exercise. Journal of muscle and joint health. 2002;9(1):28-39


Kong J, Wilson G, Park J, Pereira K, Walpole C, Yeung A. Treating Depression With Tai Chi: State of the Art and Future Perspectives. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12 April 2019. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00237

Fang Wang, Eun-Kyoung Othelia Lee, Taixiang Wu, Herbert Benson,Gregory Fricchione Weidong Wang, Albert S. Yeung. The Effects of Tai Chi on Depression, Anxiety, and Psychological Well-Being: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2014; 21(4): 605-617.

Tiffany Field, Miguel Diego, Jeannette Delgado, Lissette Medina. Tai chi/yoga reduces prenatal depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013; 19(1): 6–10.

Chenchen Wang, Raveendhara Bannuru, Judith Ramel, Bruce Kupelnick, Tammy Scott and Christopher H Schmid. Tai Chi on psychological well-being: systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMC Complementary and Alternative medicine. 2010;10:23

Helen Lavretsky, L. Altstein, Olmstead L. Ercoli, M. Riparetti-Brown, N. St. Cyr, and M. R. Irwin. Complementary Use of Tai Chi Augments Escitalopram Treatment of Geriatric Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2011;19(10): 839–850.

Kee‐Lee Chou Peter W. H. Lee Edwin C. S. Yu Duncan Macfarlane Yeung‐Hung Cheng Sophia S. C. Chan Iris Chi. Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with depressive disorders: a randomized clinical trial.International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2004;19: 1105-1107.

Jen-Chen Tsai, Wei-Hsin Wang, Paul Chan, Li-Jung Lin, Chia-Huei Wang, Brian Tomlinson, Ming-Hsiung Hsieh, Hung-Yu Yang, Ju-Chi Liu. The Beneficial Effects of Tai Chi Chuan on Blood Pressure and Lipid Profile and Anxiety Status in a Randomized Controlled Trial. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2003; 9(5):